Eyes are the two most important organs that require care. But often, people neglect their eyes, neglect regular check-ups, and routine care such as washing, staying away from electronic gadgets, etc. Another threat to eye health is obesity. According to Neeraj Sanduja, MBBS, MS, ophthalmologist, and eye surgeon, the primary effect of obesity on the body is an increased risk of peripheral artery disease and diabetes, and when it comes to the eyes, obesity can lead to severe “vision”. could. Threats of retinal diseases”.
“These diseases develop when the small blood vessels in the eye become weakened and can no longer supply oxygen and other essential nutrients to the ocular area,” he says, when the eyes are deprived of oxygen and nutrients. , then a variety of eye conditions can develop, including:
* diabetic retinopathy
* eye disease
* Stroke-related vision loss
* age-related macular degeneration
To understand how obesity affects the eyes, one needs to know what is involved in a healthy weight. Your doctor will calculate your body mass index (BMI) to determine whether you’re a healthy weight for your height and age, says Sanduja.
The BMI score is calculated based on tissue mass (muscle, fat and bone) and height, and is measured as kg/m2. BMI scores are usually interpreted as:
– Low weight: 18.5 kg/m2 . fewer
– Normal weight: 18.6 to 24.9 kg/m2
– Overweight: 25 to 29.9 kg/m2
– Obesity: 30 kg/m2 . more than
Although obesity may contribute to the formation of cataracts, losing weight may not reduce the risk of developing them, says one doctor. (Photo: Getty/Thinkstock)
How does obesity affect the eyes?
“A body mass index (BMI) of 25-30 is considered overweight and a BMI over 30 is considered obese. Recent studies indicate that a handful of eye diseases are now associated with an elevated BMI. Medical conditions can be added to the list,” says the doctor, adding that diabetic retinopathy, floppy eyelid syndrome, retinal vein occlusion, stroke-related vision loss, and age-related macular degeneration are all risk factors for obesity.
According to the doctor, obesity is also a risk factor for developing cataract (clouding of the natural lens of the eye). Poor nutrition or high blood sugar levels — commonly found in people who are obese — can contribute to cloudiness, he says.
“Although obesity may contribute to cataract formation, losing weight may not reduce the risk of developing them, as cataracts are also a common consequence of aging, regardless of one’s weight.”
Dr. Sanduja explains that morbid obesity – associated with high internal eye pressure, which can increase the risk of glaucoma and glaucomatous optic neuropathy (the leading cause of vision loss) – should be considered a BMI of 40 or higher, or 35 and above. defined as. such as high blood pressure or diabetes.
what a drag?
“Stay active, stay healthy, and get regular eye exams,” says the expert. He explains that an active lifestyle and a nutritious diet can help you maintain a healthy weight and improve overall physical and eye health.
“Add vitamins C and E, zeaxanthin, omega-3, zinc and lutein to your diet, as they may help delay or prevent certain eye diseases. Getting regular eye exams is also important,” He concluded.
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