Lack of sleep is not only harmful to the body, it can also lead to vision loss; This way

An irregular sleep pattern is not only harmful to the body, as a new study study has linked it to the development and progression of glaucoma. The study, published in the BMJ Open journal, analyzed the association between sleep behavior and glaucoma. The cohort study, based on UK Biobank data of more than 400,000 people aged 40 to 69, studied their diagnosis of glaucoma between 2006-2010.

Compared to individuals with healthy sleep patterns, individuals with snoring and daytime sleepiness (HR 1.11, 95 percent, CI 1.03 to 1.19) or insomnia and short/long sleep duration had a higher risk of any glaucoma, the research said. seen. (HR 1.13, 95 percentile, CI 1.06 to 1.20), but not Late Chronotype Sleep Pattern (HR 0.98, 95 percentile, CI 0.93 to 1.03).

Glaucoma is caused by damage to the optic nerve (Source: Getty Images/Thinkstock)

The study found that snoring, daytime sleepiness, insomnia and short/long duration, individually or combined, were all associated with glaucoma risk. These findings underscore the need for sleep interventions for individuals at high risk of glaucoma, as well as potential ophthalmologic screening among individuals with chronic sleep problems for glaucoma prevention. “

here’s what you need to understand

According to experts, glaucoma is called the silent thief of vision as there may be no symptoms in the initial stage of the disease. “The condition threatens vision and has been known to gradually steal vision without warning. By the time glaucoma is diagnosed, the patient has already had extensive peripheral vision loss, which is known as Cannot be restored now,” Center for Sight President Dr Mahipal S Sachdev said in an earlier conversation.

Dr Rohit Pahwa, Senior Consultant Eye Surgeon and Medical Director, InstaVision Eye & LASIK Centre, New Delhi said that “the risk of glaucoma increases with sleep deprivation or insomnia”. “Optic nerve damage related to eye pressure, known as glaucoma, first affects peripheral vision before spreading to the center, causing gradual vision loss,” he told indianexpress.com.

On average, seven to eight hours a day is the amount of sleep most people should be getting. “Anything outside this range can be too little or too much sleep,” Pahwa said, noting that poor sleep may include irregular work schedules, staying up too late, watching too much TV before bedtime, drinking coffee the night before. Caused by consumption. Eating too late or too close to bedtime, which can cause heartburn and disrupt sleep patterns.

Sleep apnea is associated with repeated drops in oxygen levels while sleeping. “It is one of the trigger factors for glaucoma in susceptible individuals. Repeated fall in oxygen levels can also lead to neovascularization which further increases the risk of glaucoma,” said Dr. Ravi Shekhar Jha, director and chief , Pulmonology, Fortis Hospital, Faridabad said.

Although the exact cause is unknown, people who have sleep apnea “may be 10 times more likely” to develop glaucoma. Pahwa continued, “It is still necessary to see a doctor for any sleep problems, further emphasizing that regular checkups by an ophthalmologist are important” because the damage to vision caused by glaucoma can be prevented by its early detection and can be prevented with timely treatment.

Emphasizing the need for ophthalmology check-up, Dr Rajat Goel, Consultant Ophthalmologist, Ujala Cygnus Rainbow Hospital, Agra urged people to stay away from depression and anxiety through regular exercise and yoga “as these disorders lead to insomnia”. go together, which can increase internal eye pressure”.

How to prevent / reduce risk?

The only way to reduce the risk is to control sleep apnea. Since sleep apnea is primarily associated with a high body mass index, losing weight is the first and most important step towards controlling it, Dr. Jha said.

“However, if someone is diagnosed with sleep apnea, it is difficult to control weight unless treatment is started. Also, maintaining sleep hygiene is paramount in controlling sleep apnea. Make sure to control your sinus symptoms, if any. Your sleep schedule should be more or less fixed,” said Dr. Jha, as he shared some tips:

* Try to maintain a gap of at least two hours from your last meal to bedtime.
*Don’t drink caffeinated drinks at least four hours before bedtime. no screen time two hours before bedtime
*Avoid protein supplements two hours before bedtime

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