Singer Nick Jonas, who was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in 2005 at the age of 13, shares four of the symptoms his body started showing before he was diagnosed. Taking to Instagram, the 30-year-old revealed that he had extreme thirst, frequent urination, weight loss and irritability which, according to him, can be recognized as common symptoms of type 1 diabetes.
“I had four signs that I was living with type 1 diabetes: extreme thirst, weight loss, frequent urination, and irritability. These can be recognized as common symptoms of type 1 diabetes. I share my signs Doing it so others can #SeeTheSigns,” he captioned the post.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks the body by mistake) that stops your body from making insulin.
“While type 1 diabetes is caused by an absolute lack of insulin, and requires insulin as a form of treatment from the beginning, type 2 is caused by relative insulin deficiency and insulin resistance that is treated initially and later with insulin. Can be done with pills,” Dr Aarti Ullal, Consultant Diabetologist at Global Hospitals, Mumbai told indianexpress.com. “About 5-10 percent of people have type 1 diabetes,” she said.
According to a study published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, an estimated 8.4 million people were living with type 1 diabetes worldwide in 2021. This number is projected to increase to 13.5-17.4 million by 2040. The study further listed ten countries. The USA, India, Brazil, China, Germany, UK, Russia, Canada, Saudi Arabia and Spain – with the highest estimated prevalence – account for 5.08 million, or 60 per cent, of global cases of type 1 diabetes.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often develop quickly. The CDC website states that it is most commonly diagnosed in children, adolescents, and young adults. Among other symptoms, “extreme thirst and frequent urination are osmotic symptoms, caused by high levels of sugar in the blood that dehydrate the cells leading to increased fluid consumption and therefore frequent urination.” ,” explained Dr. Ullal.
Apart from this, weight loss is also an important sign. “While there is glucose in the blood, it cannot enter cells without insulin. Therefore, proteins and fats are broken down and used as energy sources resulting in weight loss,” said Dr. Ullal .
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children, adolescents and young adults. (Photo: Pixabay)
Dr Suruchi Goel, Consultant – Pediatrics and Pediatric Endocrinology, Columbia Asia Hospital Whitefield, told indianexpres.com that the first early symptoms (4Ts) of type 1 diabetes in children are:
Thirst: increased thirst
Toilet: increased urge to urinate (bed-wetting)
What should type 1 diabetics keep in mind?
Patients with type 1 diabetes should:
*Continually monitor and control blood sugar, cholesterol and BP.
*Control blood sugar with insulin shots as per doctor’s advice.
* Relax and unwind to reduce stress.
*Stay active with exercise.
*Choose healthy food.
*Consult your doctor to understand how to recognize and manage complications like kidney disease, eye disease and cardiac complications.
* Go for routine urine tests for albumin (ACR), fundus examination for retinopathy, and lipid evaluation with strict blood pressure control.
On the 16th anniversary of his diagnosis, Nick reflected on the day that had left him “devastated, terrified,” but he didn’t let it “slow me down.”
“Today resonates with me personally because it’s the 16th anniversary of my diagnosis. I was 13 years old, playing the show with my brothers… and I knew in my gut that something wasn’t right, so I was on my own.” Went to the parents and told them I needed to see a doctor. After going over my symptoms, my pediatrician told me I had type 1 diabetes. All the symptoms corresponded to an unknown type 1. I Was devastated – terrified… Did this mean that my dream of touring the world and playing our music was over? But I was committed, just like I’ve always been, don’t let it slow me down. Tough days are there, but I have an incredible support system that I can rely on to help me move forward and not be hard on myself when I’m feeling low,” he added. Said in an Instagram post.
“Actually, I was in really bad shape. I lost about 20 pounds in 2 weeks. I couldn’t drink enough water, went to the bathroom all the time; very irritable, which is a symptom of high blood sugar, He was quoted as saying by Healthline.
Nick was diagnosed when it was discovered that his blood sugar level was higher than 900 mg/dL (less than 140 mg/dL is considered a normal range). “It was dangerous and started my life with this disease. It is so absurd to think that if it had not been treated in a few more days, it could have been really bad,” Nick is quoted as saying. But when I need it I get the care I need.
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